6 Daytrips to Take from Madrid, Spain

The Spanish capital of Madrid has enough to keep you occupied for years: a plethora of world-class museums, thousands of restaurants that serve up tasty local grub plus every cuisine you can think of, a handful of historical monuments, a clutch of unique neighborhoods that all have something different to offer, and one of the world’s largest collections of green spaces.

Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
Calle Sagasta

But until 2021, Madrid had no UNESCO World Heritage Sites to speak of, even as the historic cores of London, Paris, and Rome all boasted of this designation that honors and protects landmarks of cultural or natural significance. What got designated was only a few blocks of the Paseo del Prado and the Retiro Park.

What the city center of Madrid lacks in stunning monuments, it makes up for with no fewer than six World Heritage Sites that surround the metropolis on all sides. Each of these cities is no more than an hour away from the capital, which means you could spend a week hopping from one stunning Spanish city to the next yet never check out of your Madrid hotel. That, to me, sounds like a great way to spend some time in the center of Spain!

1) Segovia


Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
View from the Alcázar

This provincial capital is right on the other side of the Guadarrama mountain range, but it feels a world away from the big city life of Madrid. A Roman aqueduct spans a bustling plaza, still standing without mortar after nearly 2,000 years. The country’s most-recently-built Gothic cathedral crowns the city center, not too far from the alcázar or castle that was the inspiration for Walt Disney’s Sleeping Beauty castle. Don’t head back to Madrid without sitting down for a feast of the city’s signature dish: cochinillo asado, or roast suckling pig.

How to get there: Ride the 27-minute high-speed train from Madrid’s Chamartín train station. From the Segovia-Guiomar train station, catch city bus #11 to the aqueduct.

2) Toledo


Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
Toledo skyline

Perched on a dramatic bend of the Tajo River, Toledo will dazzle you with its well-preserved old town (although the steep, hillside streets will wear your legs out). The city’s Gothic cathedral is one of the finest in the country, and Toledo’s also home to two of the handful of medieval synagogues left in Spain (another is down south in Córdoba). As you explore long-abandoned mosques and an imposing fortress, treat yourself to some marzipan, the famous local almond-based treat.

How to get there: Ride the 33-minute high-speed train from Madrid’s Puerta de Atocha train station. From Toledo’s train station, catch city bus #5 to the main Zocodover square.

3) Ávila


Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
Ávila at the Blue Hour

You may have already seen Ávila from your airplane window, a striking rectangle in a sea of fields. The old town is completely surrounded by a well preserved set of medieval city walls, of which you can get great photos from the Cuatro Postes lookout point. Within the old town you can find the country’s oldest Gothic cathedral, restaurants that serve chuletón de Ávila (T-bone steak), and museums and churches dedicated to the life of St. Teresa of Ávila, a Catholic mystic and nun.

How to get there: Ride the hour-and-a-half train from Madrid’s Chamartín train station. Head due west along the Paseo de la Estación to reach the old town.

4) El Escorial


Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
El Escorial

El Escorial offers a pleasant retreat from the hustle and bustle of Madrid, just as it did five centuries ago when King Felipe II decided to move the royal court to the foothills of the Guadarrama mountains. He built one of the world’s largest buildings, which includes the burial place of all Spanish monarchs since the 1500s, a still-active monastery, a soaring basilica, a library of old books, a small art museum, and a royal residence.

How to get there: From Madrid’s intermodal Moncloa station (Metro lines 3 & 6), catch the hourlong interurban bus routes #661 or #664 to San Lorenzo de El Escorial’s bus station. The monastery is due south of the bus station.

I don’t advise taking the hourlong C3a commuter train from Madrid’s Chamartín train station because it drops you off at the nearby city of El Escorial, forcing you to ride city bus #1 to the town of San Lorenzo de El Escorial. You have to ride a bus regardless, so it may as well be direct!

5) Alcalá de Henares


Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
Plaza de Cervantes

Although the prestigious Complutense University has long since left this suburb for central Madrid, Alcalá de Henares feels like Spain’s answer to Oxford, with monumental architecture from Spain’s Golden Age around every corner and a lively tapas scene to keep you going on those late nights of studying. Alcalá is also the hometown of Miguel de Cervantes, the famous author of Don Quixote; you can even visit the house he was born in, right off the main shopping drag.

How to get there: Ride the 45-minute C2 or C7 commuter trains from Madrid’s Atocha Cercanías train station. Head due south along Paseo de la Estación to reach the old town.

6) Aranjuez


Daytrips from Madrid, Spain
The Royal Palace

The Spanish royals preferred to escape the intense summer heat of Madrid for Aranjuez, a cool and shaded town along the banks of the Tajo River. They built a mini-Versailles here as their spring and summer residence, which you can stroll through today as well as neighboring parks and gardens. Visit Aranjuez in May and June, when locally grown strawberries are harvested and served with whipped cream.

How to get there: Ride the 50-minute C3 commuter train from Madrid’s Atocha Cercanías train station. Head northeast along the Carretera de Toledo to reach the palace.

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