Wednesday, January 6, 2016

Photo Post: Santiago de Compostela’s Palace of Archbishop Xelmírez

Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
The main hall
Come to Santiago de Compostela in rainy northwest Spain and you’ll inevitably be drawn to the city’s alluring, sprawling cathedral. After all, as the supposed resting place of the Apostle St. James, the towering church draws hundreds of thousands of pilgrims every year who trek the Camino de Santiago on foot. But another fascinating site hides in plain sight, leaning up against the cathedral’s walls in the monumental Obradoiro square: the Pazo de Xelmírez. Although in the Galician language the word pazo historically refers to a nobleman’s luxurious country house, in this case it simply means “palace,” as it continues to function as the official residence of the archbishop of Santiago.

Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
I cropped this photo so you can see it better in the bottom left
Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Looking out onto Praza do Obradoiro
Diego Xelmírez, Santiago’s first archbishop, ordered the palace to be built during his reign in the early 1100s. It endures today as Spain’s finest example of the Romanesque style of architecture that isn’t a church or monastery. I assume the current archbishop and his offices are housed in rooms and halls out back, because nowadays, the original building from the Middle Ages has been cleaned up and converted into spaces for temporary exhibitions put on by the cathedral museum—giving museum-goers a unique opportunity to explore a monument that was previously off-limits.

Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
The tunnel that runs beneath the archbishop’s palace
Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Vaulted ceilings
Last year, when I was living in Santiago, I stopped by the Pazo de Xelmírez every couple of months or so to check out rotating exhibits that showcased modern art or celebrated the 800th anniversary of St. Francis of Assisi’s pilgrimage to Santiago. I’ll be honest, the exhibitions themselves weren’t nearly as interesting to me as the palace they were housed in—I was actually more excited to check out medieval bedrooms, kitchens, and audience halls than the so-so art (#NerdAlert). This reminded me a lot of my experience at the Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao: an astonishing place of flowing metal and glass, but whose contemporary art was ultimately underwhelming.

Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Art gallery
The real treasure of the palace has to be the upper-story refectory, complete with an ornately-designed ribbed vault ceiling. Used simply as a kitchen and dining hall, this expansive room guards some exquisite examples of medieval sculpture carved onto the corbels (the stone brackets that the vaults appear to spring out of). There’s the expected angels and floral designs, but there’s also troubadours signing and playing stringed instruments, as well as my personal favorite, cooks and servants bearing so-very Galician empanadas in their arms, a round meat pie that Galicians continue to make to this day.

Pazo de Xelmírez, Santiago de Compostela, Spain
Sculpted characters bearing bread and empanada
What was your favorite photo from this post? Have you been to museums where the venue itself was more interesting than the exhibit? Comment below in the discussion thread!

For more pictures, check out my album on Flickr.
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